Mastery: Allow students to demonstrate
- knowledge of concepts and
- the ability to apply that knowledge.
- Preference for depth of knowledge.
- Heuristics (mental shortcuts) based on understanding and ability to recombine basic principles.
- emerges with experience.
Customization: Allow students to learn and demonstrate mastery of concepts and language in the ways that best suit the student.
- Helping students learn how to learn.
- Students take responsibility for their own learning.
- Flexibility in demonstrating knowledge. Deciding how to weigh:
- Language: Each field has it's own specialized words and idioms that facilitate communication.
- Epistemological: How do experts think?
- How do experts approach problems?
- Where do they first go looking for answers?
- Experiential: Doing what experts do.
- e.g. The scientific method.
Collaboration: Students need to learn how to work well in groups.
- Collaboration is becoming more and more essential in all fields.
- A way of dealing with increased specialization.
- Direct collaboration and collaboration at a distance.
- e.g. Antivirus companies have offices in Europe, the U.S. and Japan that pass off projects to one another to keep it going for 24 hours.
- Small group assignments
- Presentations to the larger group.
- shared language eases communication and learning
- ability to explain requires higher-level thinking.
- Students need enough sleep
- How much sleep do middle-schoolers need - (about 9 hrs)
- shifting biological clocks - waking up late and staying up late
Students learn science best by doing what scientists do.
- Focus on critical thinking about environmental issues,
- Environmental economics.
- Field Work:
- Collecting field data from campus.
- Working with Real Scientific Data
- Extensive datasets are available online that students can use for analysis
- Making sure students have a good understanding of the physical concepts rather than focusing on the math.
- The math is introduced for those students who are so inclined.
Middle School Science:
- Physical Science
- Life Sciences
- Required reading assignments.
- Small groups focus on a specific subject area.
- Recommended: Questions at the end of each chapter.
- Small groups present what they have learned
- Multi-modal presentations (demonstrations, diagrams ... are important).
- Students are tasked with solving specific problems using the scientific method.
- Students produce lab reports to share their discoveries
- Reports are peer-reviewed before submitting to instructor.
Math as a way of looking at the world.
- E.g. Economists think in mathematics and then translate their understanding into English.
- Students progress at their own pace, typically following the textbook.
- Cognitive development is important.
- Lessons are given to individuals or small groups as needed.
- Small group, and peer teaching are important.
- Students take tests based on their progress (not as a large group).
- Students do corrections and extra work as required for mastery.
- Mastery versus timing?
- introduction to programming
- using spreadsheets
- Pre-Calculus: A graphical approach
- Using real-world data.
- student collected and online datasets from, for example, NOAA and the Federal Reserve.
- Least squares regression
- Using real-world data.
- The language of physics
This website: http://www.soriki.com/tfssa/